- the women must be over 25 years old and married before 1998 and must have children or must be mothers;
- their husbands who most of them, except the martyrs, are away in the national service must sign statement that express their consents to their wives’ work abroad;
- the women must enter agreements for a monthly salary of USD 173 from which they would cover their food consumption costs;
- The women must enter agreements with the government of Eritrea that deny them their right to receive salary in hard currency. According to this agreement the government will have the absolute control of the remaining money after covering of the costs of food where the money will be transferred to the banks in Eritrea and the government will distribute the money to their families at the official exchange rate (USD 1 = 15 Nakfa), while the market exchange rate is at USD 1 = 40 Nakfa.
Given the miserable living conditions the women are experiencing and the level of poverty prevalence in the country, large numbers of women are going to Kuwait to work, leaving their children behind without thorough assessments of the social and economic problems that lie ahead of them. It is known that the gulf countries have poor records of foreign workers abuses. The implications are that as the men are absent from the families, tied up in the national service, the children are being left parentless, becoming orphans while their parents are still alive. This will create social crisis in the country. Also as there are no or little economic gains that would accrue to the families of the working women because it is likely that larger part of their salary will be used to cover the costs of the food, the women would be left only with small part of their salaries which becomes nothing when exchanged at the official exchange rate, putting them overall on the loser side. The only beneficiary from this scheme is the government because it is getting the much needed hard currency from the poverty it has created in the first place.