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Welcome to Asmarino Independent.

Article
Written by Amare Gebremariam Wed - 22 Dec

High Time for Refugees Trust Fund

Eritreans in the Diaspora have a strong weapon in our hand that can contribute tangible relief and hope to our stranded refugees. We have intellectuals who can organize and manage the ETF and all Ertreans have income which enables them to contribute small amount of money $10-$100 and when this is collected goes to millions in our prudent estimation. This fund once it is organized could enable us to buy basic necessities and up to and including defense lawyers in the country where the problem arises concerning our refugees and also can have a committee that can conduct research for the light at the end of the tunnel.. Eritreans are not eager to contribute because we see luck of accountability and proper audit of what we do as a group.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Selam Kidane Tue - 21 Dec

Chick-tac-toe

One of the reasons for my annoyance with politicians in our resistance movement is their insistence in attempting to sell us, a pie in the sky of a quick victory, through violence…their track records don’t justify this audacity… haven’t they been threatening this forever? And what have we got to show for it? 

In fact if truth be told… my fellow evangelical believers have resisted the regime more forcefully, from their container cells, than all the Kalashnikov totting groups put together! They have also made many inside Eritrea and in the international community see the brutality of the regime… the disabled veterans of maihabar did more to rally support for the resistance movement and the incarcerated journalists and politicians continue to pause as the only challenge for the regime’s ability to operate unchallenged (all the way from their cells in Era Ero!)…   

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Article
Written by Yosief Ghebrehiwet Sat - 18 Dec

Eritrea: Forced Peasant Conscripts that Sustained the Eritrean Revolution

One of the greatest paradoxes of the Eritrean revolution is that it is not the largely voluntary army of the early and mid 70’s, mainly composed of students and other urbanites but also of peasants, but the largely involuntary army of the 80’s, mainly composed of helpless peasants abducted from their villages, that marched in triumph into Asmara; a phenomenon that puts the revolution’s self-claimed participatory nature into question. The nation, in its euphoria, failed to notice that almost all of the foot soldiers that were marching into Asmara came from the weakest section of the society – peasant men and women from distant villages whose names they probably had never heard before.

What could have happened in between for such a drastic transformation to take place? Indeed, what calamity could have turned an army that used to attract participants from all walks of life into a colonial army with a thin crust of urban elite at the top leading a huge force of coerced “natives” at the bottom within a short span of time?

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News
Written by Peter Leftie Sat - 18 Dec

Eritrean Leader Says Zenawi Tried to Assassinate Him, WikiLeaks reveals

 

“He is paranoid and believes Ethiopian PM Meles tried to kill him and that the United States will attempt to assassinate him,” McMullen wrote to his superiors in Washington on November 5, last year.

The cables revisit an incident in 1996 when President Zenawi offered one of his helicopters to fly President Afeworki to Asmara, only for it to burst into flames shortly after take off from Addis Ababa. Fortunately, the pilot was able to turn back and land safely in the Ethiopian capital, where a livid Afeworki told Zenawi to his face that he had plotted to kill him. 

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News
Written by Tobias Zick Fri - 17 Dec

Egypt Plays Down Reported Eritrean Refugee Hostage Crisis In Sinai

According to information shared by the rights group with the Egyptian government, the hostages are being held inside a house located near a government building, surrounded by a fruit orchard, next to a large mosque and a church that has been turned into a school.

“But in spite of this detailed description, the authorities have not lifted a finger to free them,” said Pegoraro.

Earlier this week, according to Pegoraro, two of the captives were shot to death in front of the other hostages. The traffickers had apparently accused the two men--both protestant deacons--of having notified international institutions and the media about their plight.  

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Article
Written by Aida Kidane Thu - 16 Dec

Ibrahim Gedem, a respected friend

I read the attacking articles against brother Ibrahim Gedem. To me Ibrahim is a friend and a much respected friend at that. When a respected friend is presented in the most negative way, one cannot keep quiet. I felt keeping quiet would make make me look as if I am an accomplice to those who have a negative attitude towards him. 

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Writers Corner
Written by Selam Kidane Thu - 16 Dec

The Truth Beneath The Desert Sky

                

Your eyes couldn’t protect me from their glower

                Surely I should trust your eyes

                      I should trust your eyes…

                     Your eyes shouldn’t lie

                        Not to me, not today

                           But Mother: your

                          Compassionate

                            Ever watchful

                                Eyes lied

                                                                                                                                               With their

                                                                                                                                                Comfort 

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Article
Written by Berhan Hagos Wed - 15 Dec

Reality Check on Opposition Fairytales

The latest drama within the opposition camp is yet another indication of how far removed we are from reality.  Despite the tens of articles that appear in Eritrean opposition cyberspace everyday, there are no real debates on ideas, burning issues, strategies and lessons learned from history and other people but instead we find ourselves embroiled in hypocrisy and character assassination.  Today, Eritrean opposition is composed of genuinely concerned citizens but with amateurish political acumen reflecting inexperience and driven by wishful thinking.  

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News
Written by European Parliament Tue - 14 Dec

European Parliament Resolution On Eritrean Refugees Held Hostage In Sinai

 1.  Calls on Egyptian authorities to rapidly intervene in order to ensure that these refugees and migrants are rescued and to take appropriate measures to proceed to arrest and prosecution of members of trafficking organisations;

 

       2.  Welcomes the fact that the UN High Commissioner for refugees has opened diplomatic procedures with the Egyptian authorities to initiate a search for the band of traffickers and hostages;

 

      3.  Stresses that Egypt has a duty to urgently bring its treatment of refugees into line with international norms to which it is a signatory so that every refugee in Egypt is afforded full protection and assistance; 

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News
Written by EPDP Tue - 14 Dec

Reportage of the EPDP Mission to Ethiopia and the Sudan

4.   Till the onset of 2010, we were focused on developing our country without Eritrea [and its ports] and we scored great achievements. It was our policy to ignore Eritrea and its regime as long as that regime did not provoke Ethiopia for a reaction. However, today, and taking into consideration the developments in the region, EPRDP has adopted a new strategy for effective action that can accelerate the downfall of the PFDJ regime in Eritrea.

5.   Any means of struggle is legitimate and acceptable. But as EPRDF, we can have our own view as to which means of struggle is more effective in the current Eritrean situation. We can say peaceful and democratic means of struggle cannot give quick results in Eritrea. 

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Article
Written by Gabriel Guangul Sat - 11 Dec

Eritrea And The Shadow Of WikiLeaks

 

Somewhere in between the lines of US embassy cables being laid bare on WikiLeaks, one could imagine the dark clouds behind the façade of Eritrea’s defiant image.  In fact, that is exactly what it was all the time – a shop window for total control and defiance.   What has been leaked out now, like all the tiny cracks in any building, will eventually work itself in to weaken this outdated house of horrors.   

Julian Assange (pictured), the founder of WikiLeaks, is in a London prison now and one might ask, “For what reason?”  Had he been an Eritrean (inside Eritrea), he would be taken in for treason, be left to rot in prison or disappeared long before then. 

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News
Written by Khataza Gondwe Fri - 10 Dec

The Pope Lifts The Lid On Sinai's Tortured Eritrean Refugees

The Pope's intervention has prompted international action and a reluctant Egyptian government is finally being forced to address the suffering of these hostages. Egypt had previously denied knowing the whereabouts of the detention camps – rather disingenuously, considering they are situated near one of the most sensitive international borders. With the help of some of the hostages, the Italian NGOs Everyone Group and Agenzia Habeshia have identified this area, informed appropriate authorities and have now filed criminal charges in Cairo against named traffickers. However, only sustained, high-level pressure on the government of Egypt will ensure a definitive end to the hostages' ordeal, and the arrest and prosecution of members of these trafficking syndicates. 

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News
Written by Simon Tisdall Wed - 08 Dec

WikiLeaks Cables: Eritrean Poverty And Patriotism Under 'Unhinged Dictator' - The US Embassy Cables

In a secret diplomatic cable written last year, the then US ambassador to Eritrea, Ronald McMullen, appears determined to impress upon his private Washington readership just how awful the situation really is. Weird, dysfunctional Asmara, reminiscent of an Evelyn Waugh novel, is notorious among western diplomats as a hardship posting. McMullen seems to be feeling the strain.

"Young Eritreans are fleeing their country in droves, the economy appears to be in a death spiral, Eritrea's prisons are overflowing, and the country's unhinged dictator remains cruel and defiant," McMullen writes. "Is the country on the brink of disaster?" he asks. The ambassador answers his own question with a head-shaking "no".  

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Writers Corner
Written by Yosief Ghebrehivwet Tue - 07 Dec

(IV) Eritrea, Eritreans and Eritreanism

 

Rape and identity in Egypt

As heavyset Arab rapists

laid on top of her one by one,

all the little Eritrean lady felt was

the full weight

of her Habesha identity.

 

 

 

Under the Eritrean sky

The Night claims it has no say

on what takes place under its cover,

occupied as it is

holding off the daylight

from arriving too soon.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Einat Fishbein Thu - 02 Dec

Desert Hell

Rape, electric shocks on all parts of the body, burning with white-hot iron bars, confinement, loss of consciousness, and death in sweltering containers.  More and more evidence exposes what's going on only dozens of kilometers from Egyptian-Israeli border, in torture camps built by Bedouin traffickers in the Sinai desert.  The situation in the camps is beyond belief: many Aftican migrants report systematic and severe torturing on their way here, with about half the women raped and hundreds subsequently forced to undergo abortions in Israel.  Now that the extent of the humanitarian disaster is becoming clear, the UN is trying to put an end to it.

 

 

Picture Caption: B. An Eritrean refugee and torture victim.  

"They told me: now you will get us the money."  

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News
Written by M & C Sun - 05 Dec

Pope Denounces Kidnapping Of Eritrean Migrants In Sinai

 

Several humanitarian organisations say at least 80 Eritrean refugees have been held hostage by traffickers on the Egypt-Israel border for over the last 30 days.

According to some reports, the smugglers are demanding payment of 8,000 dollars per refugee before releasing them.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Fesseha Nair Sun - 05 Dec

The Roadmap To Democracy In Eritrea

 

There is a confusion and distortion between the non-violent and violent.  Non-violence does not mean pacifism but is a struggle or an action employed to defeat the dictatorship. The political organizations who claim non-violence have never employed all their resources but still they are in confusion and distortion.

Similarly, even those who claim all means have not allocated their resources and fight the dictatorship in Eritrea. Altogether, the Eritrean opposition is in confusion and distortion.

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Article
Written by Fesseha Nair Thu - 02 Dec

The Structure Of The State in Eritrea

The main conflict in Eritrea is and was the state structure of the Eritrean society. Eritrea is a country inhabited by diverse population with different ethnical, religious, cultural and territorial identities. If we see the political organizations and the ruling party in Eritrea, they are organized in ethnic and religious lines. Those who call themselves super nationalist are the worst who exploit these identities and call themselves “nationalists and secularists” but in reality they are the first who create cleavages based on fear and suspicion. They accuse the others as regionalists, tribalists and jihadists.  

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Press Release
Written by Elsa Chyrum Wed - 01 Dec

NGOs Issue Joint Appeal on Behalf of Refugees Held Hostage in Sinai Desert

 

Christian Solidarity Worldwide today sent a joint appeal to the UN, the EU, the British, the Italian and the Egyptian governments for urgent intervention in the plight of refugees from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia who are currently held hostage in the Sinai Desert by Bedouin people traffickers. 

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Article
Written by Gabriel Guangul Mon - 29 Nov

Eritrea and VSO According to Liz Lee

 

 

VSO are no longer able to work in Eritrea. The program was closed as it became increasingly difficult through the denial of working visas for volunteers amongst other restrictions. I hope that the work started by volunteers will have made some difference for Eritrean children and their families. For the sake of the lovely people who looked after me, please find out about this wonderful country and help raise awareness of the difficulties people are living. 

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News
Written by Aaron Maasho and Barry Malone Fri - 26 Nov

Sudan and the coming referendum on secession

Africa's biggest country is 47 days away from a plebiscite in its oil-producing south on whether to secede or remain part of Sudan -- a vote promised in the 2005 peace deal that ended decades of north-south war.

That conflict, the longest civil war in African history, killed about 2 million people and forced 4 million to flee.

"Like all doomsday scenarios (a return to war) is too ghastly to contemplate," said Meles, who hosts crunch Sudan talks in Addis Ababa on Tuesday. 

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News
Written by Ron Friedman Wed - 24 Nov

Yishai introduces plan to stem migration from Africa

The fourth element of the plan was to work toward removing those migrants that have already entered Israel. Yishai said that it was up to the Justice Ministry and the Foreign Affairs Ministry to negotiate with countries that Israel has diplomatic relations with and try to convince them to accept the African migrants.

“More than half of the migrants come from Eritrea, a country that Israel has relations with. We can return them [the Eritrean migrants] to their homeland by talking to the government. Third party countries can take those whom Israel doesn’t have relations with,” said Yishai.

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News
Written by Tesfa-Alem Tekle Sun - 21 Nov

UNHCR lauds Ethiopia’s efforts in respecting refugees’ rights

During the past few years, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) in cooperation with International Organization Migration (IOM) and the Ethiopian government have resettled over 6000 Eritrean refugees to a third country. Considerable number of Somalis have also benefited from the operation.

According to Ethiopia’s Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) by the end of 2010, some 3,100Eritrean refugees are expected to be resettled to different countries. 

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Article
Written by Sara Rich Dorman Wed - 17 Nov

Post-liberation Politics: African Perspectives - Examining The Political Legacy Of Struggle

Armed insurgencies, or guerrilla movements, differ from military coups and war-lord insurgencies in ways that become increasingly important once they take control of the state. As Leys and Saul remark, there is a distinct possibility that “the very process of struggling for liberation, especially by resort to force of arms, may generate political practices that prefigure undemocratic outcomes in the wake of revolutionary success”. [7] Many liberation movements have a clear and well articulated ideology that has been honed in the bush to attract recruits and civilian supporters, as well as for presentation to the media and academics. Particular forms, norms and practices of rule are developed in ‘liberated zones’, where these exist. Prolonged warfare leads to the development of hierarchies, hardship and brutality have been experienced, and links with external supporters and arms dealers have been strengthened. These factors continue to impact on the style of governance, institutional forms, and relations with civilian populations ‘post-liberation’... 

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Article
Written by Selam Kidane Tue - 16 Nov

In Search of Solomonic Judgement for Eritrea…

 

 

… but split the baby in half… and walk off, each carrying a dead baby seems to be the solution that every Eritrean conflict is resolved under currently…it wasn’t always like this… back in the days when everyone was armed up to hilt the solution used to be fight to obliterate the other and then take the damaged baby home to die a slower death! I don’t know which one is worse… but I had no say in the latter and would be dammed if I simply watch whilst mean people keep carving up babies in lazy politics!

Read more...
 

Page 35 of 59

Articles

Article
Written by Tewelde Stephanos Sun - 20 Apr

Unfiltered Notes: Justice Seeker’s Pledge – ‘be nice to other justice seekers’

Unfiltered Notes: Justice Seeker’s Pledge – ‘be nice to other justice seekers’

Such opposite views are prevalent in today’s Eritrea. For those focusing on negatives (camp A), partial truths are exaggerated to conclude Eritrea’s independence was a mistake. For camp A Eritrea was dead on arrival. It is a helpless (I can’t do anything) and hopeless (it can’t be done) mindset that simply stands by waiting for an “I told you so” moment.

The things camp A lists to reach its pessimistic conclusions may well be true. But it is definitely not the whole truth because Eritrea is more than its highland component. Ignoring Eritrea is more than its Muslim component, there is also camp A’s other half that wants to Arabize Eritrea. Fortunately, these two faces of camp A, although very vocal, are not representative of their respective communities. And that is why I still believe there is hope for Eritrea.

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Article
Written by Asihel Betsuamlak Thu - 10 Apr

People Centered Bottom-Up Approach of Uniting: Eritrean Democratic and Civic Resistance

People Centered Bottom-Up Approach of Uniting:  Eritrean Democratic and Civic Resistance

Top-down attempts of unity and alliances were undergoing for the last decade and half with little or no results. Politico-military culture, fragmentation and top-down approaches have been hindering the resistance from achieving the desired unity for democratic change.   Using people centered, citizen owned and civic driven effective bottom-up approach of uniting and organizing Eritrean democratic and civic resistance is urgently needed. The bottom-up approach with its civic and democratic tenets and practices will help transform the outdated politico-military culture into civic and democratic culture by building civic capacity of Eritrean citizens and their institutions.

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Article
Written by Petros Tesfagherghis Wed - 09 Apr

Voices of Justice: Part 2

Voices of Justice: Part 2

Dr Sarah has explained the difficulties of researching in Eritrea. She said the University lacked an academic environment where research can be done freely.   She summarised her presentation as follows,   “Western writers and scholars failed to see the undemocratic culture of the Fronts. Eritrean Elites were blinded by nationalism and did not consider what post EPLF Eritrea will be.  Research is highly controlled by the Government especially if it is policy related to development and welfare.  Data is inaccessible in most cases.  Some scholars who support the Government externalize Eritrean problems and claim Ethiopia poses existential threat. ....

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Article
Written by Bereket Alazar Mon - 07 Apr

Emptying of a Nation

Emptying of a Nation

A nation is being literally killed without bullets fired - mass execution of the third kind. I am not being an alarmist: the facts at hand clearly are cataclysmic. When a nation with one of the smallest populations in Africa ends generating more boat people in the Mediterranean than a war ravaged and totally destroyed Syria with a much larger population, then one needs to sit down and ask the question, “What gives?” ... So you tell me my Eritrean folk, shouldn't we be all alarmed? Are we all Ok while watching Eritrea’s “painless” death? Or am I just fear mongering.

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Article
Written by Zekre Lebona Fri - 04 Apr

Asmara Expo 69: the Lost Age of Industrialization in Eritrea

Asmara Expo 69: the Lost Age of Industrialization in Eritrea

The Eritrean armed struggle squandered the chance for economic take-off that Walter Rostow wrote so much about in the middle of the last century – an opportunity for industrialization that other nations such as South Korea, Singapore and Thailand used. Having missed the industrialization period during its ghedli sojourn, leaving itself with obsolete technology and uncompetitive products, it had to force itself into Ethiopia’s economy using the means of pressure and contraband, forgetting that they were fiercely opposed to the symbiotic relationship with the same entity in the past.

(Picture: Barattelo double-decked buses transporting workers in Asmara)

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Article
Written by Dr. Tadios Tesfu Wed - 02 Apr

A prelude of a quantum leap in Eritrean politics

A prelude of a quantum leap in Eritrean politics

By now, maybe you are expecting to read an April fool. Not at all, the Eritrean politics and quantum mechanics have common denominator. In both cases, the problems to be treated are very small but the frameworks of their solutions are sophisticated mathematics, due to their incompatible property concerning the classical natural law. Sometimes they function, but for sure, nobody understands why and how they function. The last but not the least, they function by chance. ...

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Article
Written by A Tesfamariam Mon - 31 Mar

Counting Eritrea’s Losses and the Immediate Challenges

Counting Eritrea’s Losses and the Immediate Challenges

The primary challenge that is faced by the Eritrean people is how to bring about the required regime change. While the actual change will come by the popular uprising from inside there is need for input from Eritreans in Diaspora. There is need for organized grass roots movement in communities in Diaspora. The UNITY of all the opposition forces outside the country is very essential to effectively support the forces of change inside the country. The outside force has the resources and the higher magnitude of communication skills that is required by the forces inside country. It has also the higher ability of mobilizing support from the International community. ...

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Article
Written by Yosief Ghebrehiwet Mon - 24 Mar

The Eritrean Oblomov: Loving Asmara the Superfluous Way

The Eritrean Oblomov: Loving Asmara the Superfluous Way

Here is a fact that the nationalists would undoubtedly have a hard time to swallow: the Golden Age of Asmara happens to be neither in the Italian era nor in the Independence era; those golden years happen to fall exactly on the reign of Haile Selassie, starting to build up in the 50s to reach its apex in the 60s, only to abruptly end in the early 70s when ghedli showed up at the doorsteps of Asmara in full force. What then explains this riddle, since it doesn’t fit at all with the narrative that the nationalists have been telling the masses? This question has special relevance because the ghedli generation’s concept of modernity was entirely shaped from the impressions that this colonial city had left on them. In fact, it was with the saving of “Asmara civilization” in their mind that they went through hell for 50 years. ...

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Article
Written by Selam Kidane Wed - 19 Mar

R is for reform and R is for reality too…

R is for reform and R is for reality too…

Is positive change from within still possible in Eritrea?

…Yes it is and it might be the only viable way forward in Eritrea… there are one or two pragmatic up there in the inner circle…in Eritrea – people who do recognise that Eritrea is better off without the dictator, but they also know opposing the dictator can prove to be too costly (they have seen far too many purges)  and are hence looking for a way out… an easy way out to get rid of the dictator… if anyone can bring about any viable reform that would provide us some form of a launching pad to make things in Eritrea right again it can only be under the auspices of some pragmatic official… whether we like it or otherwise (and I am very much otherwise!)… such is the trouble with reality…

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Article
Written by Tariku Debrtesion Sat - 15 Mar

The Ethiopia Eritrea No War No Peace Situation has to End

The Ethiopia Eritrea No War No Peace Situation has to End

The Horn of Africa is the most conflict ridden region in the world. The people and the land are devastated by endless wars. The de facto no war no peace policy that has persisted between Ethiopia and Eritrea for the last 13 years affects the lives of millions in both countries and the stability of the whole region. Bringing this conflict to a peaceful resolution is of paramount importance.

The devastating 1998 - 2000 war between Ethiopia and Eritrea cost billions of dollars in infrastructure damage, missed investment opportunities and lost aid, claimed about 100,000 lives, and dislocated millions  of people. Instead of the end of the war bringing peace, for the last fourteen years the policy of both countries has been “no war no peace.”  As bad as open war is, an endless no war no peace situation is insufferable.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Samuel N. Fri - 14 Mar

Globalization, Imitation and Eritrean Refugees

Globalization, Imitation and Eritrean Refugees

My overall impression of this paper is that I am disappointed. Almost every significant statement is followed by a sentence that ‘moderate’ it to a point that the statement loses its punch-line. The paper then takes off without notice of the challenge it has just presented to its statement.

In fact, after reading the first half of the paper, I had a strong suspicion that the manuscript has been edited to barely meet the requirement of the reviewers. If my suspicion is right then the first half of the paper is a battle ground between the author and the reviewers, where the author dodges the reviewers’ assault left and right.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Petros Tesfagherghis Wed - 12 Mar

Voices of Justice

Voices of Justice

I would like to express my thanks to the organisers Justice Africa, African Studies and the University of London for organising “Talking Eritrea”.  A series of events at the University of London- School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).

The people of Eritrea are honoured by these extraordinary and well organised events.  Having a Government that has subjected the people of Eritrea to gross human rights violations and is mobilising some Diaspora supporters to defend its inhuman actions and intimidate all those who advocate for justice I thought our African brothers in the United Kingdom particularly Justice Africa have abandoned the people of Eritrea.

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Article
Written by Araya Debessay Mon - 10 Mar

The Role of Eritrean Scholars: the Duty to be Unbiased

The Role of Eritrean Scholars: the Duty to be Unbiased

I believe the Eritrean people expect Eritrean scholars to objectively and critically assess the ills of the nation and offer bold and constructive suggestions for the good of their country and the Eritrean people.  Eritrean scholars should assume this responsibility as their national duty and indeed as their obligation.

I also believe Eritrean scholars should not give a deaf ear and a blind eye to the suffering of their people. They should have the moral courage and intellectual integrity to speak on behalf of the voiceless and the oppressed.

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Zekre Lebona Sat - 08 Mar

An Eritrean Story: A Late Apology to a Spinster Sister

An Eritrean Story: A Late Apology to a Spinster Sister

Imagine a canvass of a family gathered together in the typical small rooms in Asmera or other small towns soon after the independence of Eritrea. The family and the neighbors are serenading the surviving male fighters and the occasional guerrilla sister, both completely indifferent to their sister who “chose” to remain a spinster throughout the ghedli era. ...

In the crowd, almost everybody remembers and talks about the “martyrs” who fell in the war, but none of her prodigal siblings offer an apology for her sacrificed womb, which she has keened for untold years. None of her prodigal siblings offered their appreciation for the long and difficult years of care she bestowed on their already dead or aging parents with little means of the war economy. ...

Read more...
 
Article
Written by Olivia Woldemikael Wed - 05 Mar

Perceptions of Heroism: A Comparison of Women’s Roles within the National Liberation Struggles of Eritrea and Zimbabwe

Perceptions of Heroism: A Comparison of Women’s Roles within the National Liberation Struggles of Eritrea and Zimbabwe

... In all of these conceptions of the nation, the guarantee of citizenship relies on participation within the space of a family, a community, or an institution. Within the liberation struggles of Eritrea and Zimbabwe, the interaction of these three spaces redefined the gender roles of women in the guerrilla camps and in post-war society. To explore the various ways in which gender was constructed and reconstructed in these societies, this paper primarily draws on interviews with women fighters, images, film, primary literature, as well as journal articles and longer works of research.

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More:
Writers Corner
Written by Ararat Iyob Thu - 17 Apr

Serious People - II

Serious People - II

Well, He seems to

have decided to let hurricanes blow

new winds to penetrate

new routes, new waves

hailstorms hit pavements

the seas grow hot

and volcanoes boil

their sweat is carried

to the Red Sea home.

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Selam Kidane Wed - 02 Apr

Ode to Yohanna’s Baby

Ode to Yohanna’s Baby

In

The small cramped quarters

A lone light bulb dangling above

A baby was born

Her bright intelligent eyes wide open

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Gabriel Guangul Sun - 16 Mar

Figure Out

Figure Out

So self-righteous she was
She put everything right; in the wrong way

So obsessed with truth; he was
He had nothing left to say

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Ararat Iyob Wed - 12 Mar

Serious People - I

Serious People - I

Along the river Nile, I met the Flame Tree

its long limbs stretching to the sky

the blue hues along with clouds

became the canvas for its drawing

 

Its red-hot flames poked out from the greens

yellow flicker of burning sunshine

telling me that fire burns otherwise

soft petals glowing with color

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Gabriel Guangul Mon - 10 Mar

Shadow

Shadow

broadcasting so heavy a shadow

a shield standing in front

light outcast

in the wild

 

a hunter

in the dark

light years away

a body mass of no weight

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Gabriel Guangul Tue - 04 Feb

Passage

Passage

 

she hands her child

to a woman sitting beside

raise her as your own; she begs

soon after she saw the men; hands-on machetes

 

she became a statistic; number game ...

a faceless victim; a dead torch among many

... a warning

for a genocide in the making

Read more...
 
Writers Corner
Written by Selam Kidane Sat - 01 Feb

Now You See Me

Now You See Me

 

That September we both left Eritrea

Seventeen hours later you were here

I was shot at on the border

Was sold, bought and resold

The map of that trip is scored on my back

Do you want to see? No I didn’t think you would

My best friend was maimed

The other one died in a cell

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Writers Corner
Written by Gabriel Guangul Mon - 13 Jan

Twilight

Twilight

Gravitating to unregistered awareness
In fractured identities
In sleeping sickness
In morbid madness

Rising with eyes frozen; dead blank
Lifeless; zombie-like
Despite all signs of life; yet unborn
Just swimming; in the womb of the twilight zone

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Writers Corner
Written by Selam Kidane Wed - 08 Jan

Refugee Go Home

Refugee Go Home

Like the River that passes through
I have no place to call my own
I stop where life wills ...
To let them take what they want ...
And dump what they willl ...
... Then on I will linger ...
Changing names along the way

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Writers Corner
Written by Samuel NA Thu - 19 Dec

The Ten Commandments, PFDJ Style

The Ten Commandments, PFDJ Style

V. Honor your appointed officials, that your days may be peaceful in the land.

VI. You shall not murder. Aim shots below the knee.

VII. You shall not commit adultery. Lest you compete with your colonels and officials.

VIII. You shall not steal. The land and its fruits are consecrated to government.

IX. You shall not bear false witness. Why prolong your torture.

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Writers Corner
Written by Walta Kiflezghi Tue - 17 Dec

Despair

Despair

Full circle once again

it's a depletion of life sources

Dead wrapped in seaweed

instead of a casket with roses

Abandoned in the desert sand

ripped of dignity and organs

Do you hear the cries

of the motherless children?

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Writers Corner
Written by Julie Wed - 11 Dec

Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony for Aster

Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony for Aster

I send my angels to comfort Aster and my prayers for her freedom. I wear a bracelet that I made in her honor. As I take it off at night, and put it back on each morning, I send her my love. I know that one day we will again sit together on a beautiful outdoor patio and share our hearts over a cup of coffee. And when we get to the third round, the blessing round, we will pause and be grateful for the blessing of true friendship.

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Writers Corner
Written by Gabriel Guangul Tue - 29 Oct

Gravity Unloaded

Gravity Unloaded

Stepping on thorns of sand
Breathless; for songs yet unsung
Ballads of untold sorrow; so bad
For that cursed land

Crippled memories rose; burning
For lives still floating
For the drowned and the freezing
With hearts broken; still bleeding

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Writers Corner
Written by Selam Kidane Wed - 16 Oct

The Return Flight

The Return Flight

The Return Flight

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Writers Corner
Written by Mike AG Fri - 11 Oct

How long can this pain go on?

How long can this pain go on?

Uncle first and now dad’s gone

How much could you really take

Please don’t cry for father’s sake

You know he had no other choice

He always wanted to have a voice

His body, they say, was recovered from sea

Their boat caught fire and he tried to flee

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ድምጺ መድረኽ - 22.04.2014

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