As reported in the interviews torture is carried out routinely and includes severe beating, electrocution, water-drowning, burning, hanging, hanging by hair, and amputation of limbs – and is often a combination of these. Children, even the smallest of babies, are reported to have been beaten. Women are subjected to cruel rape or gang rape on daily basis, in view of the other hostages. Women are also tortured in the company of their children, and the children are tortured in the company of their mothers. Women are tortured while pregnant – and their pregnancies are often the result of rapes they suffer. If they find themselves pregnant, women hostages are told that the ransom will double once their baby is born. Many hostages succumb to the torture. This torture can be functional as it takes place to extort the ransom from relatives, but it also can be gratuitous.